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Brief Summary of Intellectual Property Law in the USA

Patent Law

Types of WorksA new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or a composition of matter
Legal StandardNovelty, Nonobvious, Utility, Disclosure
How It’s AcquieredInvention + Application process
Source of the Law35 U.S.C. §§; exclusively Federal; appeals to single US Court of Appeals
Length of Term20 years from patent application

Copyright Law

Types of WorksLiterary and artistic works
Legal StandardOriginality, authorship, fixation in a tangible medium
How It’s AcquieredAutomatic; registration for enforcement, remedies
Source of the Law17 U.S.C. §§; exclusively Federal
Length of TermLife of author + 70 years, ot 95/120 years

Trademark Law

Types of WorksDistinctive ‘marks’ or product appearance
Legal StandardDistinctiveness, and/or secondary meaning
How It’s AcquieredRegistration and «use in commerce» for federal protection
Source of the Law15 U.S.C. §§ and state laws
Length of TermPerpetual; subject to abandonment, genericide

Source: Introduction to Intellectual Property.

Об авторе

Сергей Борха

бакалавр права (НИУ ВШЭ)